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AAK - Acta academica karviniensia

číslo 2016/1
COMPETITIVENESS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION: A TREND TO CONVERGENCE?
[Konkurenceschopnost v Evropské unii: trend ke konvergenci?]
ISSN:
1212-415X (Print)
2533-7610 (Online)
Year [Rok]:
2016
Volume [Ročník]:
XVI
Issue [Číslo]:
1
Authors [Autoři]:
Pavlína Balcarová
Abstract [Abstrakt]:
The contribution verifies, whether the competitiveness of the European Union economies tends to converge or diverge. The competitiveness of a country is defined as the ability to create innovations. Innovations represent an important resource of the qualitative competitive advantage, which is crucial for sustainable competitiveness in the long term. We observed the composite indicator development in the time period 2000-2012 with focus on the trend dissimilarities in the European Union. We used a cluster analysis and beta and sigma convergence methods to the convergence/divergence tendency verification. The results of all three methods confirmed the converging trend of competitiveness in the European Union. We found out that initially less competitive economies are catching up with initially more competitive countries and the competitiveness of individual countries as well as the EU as a whole increase at the same time.
Keywords [Klíčová slova]:
beta convergence, cluster analysis, European Union, homogeneity, innovation, national competitiveness, sigma convergence, technology
JEL classification [JEL klasifikace]:
F62, O32, O52
Page range [Rozpětí stran]:
5 - 16
Full version [Plná verze]: