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AAK - Acta academica karviniensia

číslo 2016/4
EVALUATION OF THE EFFICIENCY OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT IN EU COUNTRIES
[Hodnocení efektivity výzkumu a vývoje v zemích EU]
ISSN:
1212-415X (Print)
2533-7610 (Online)
Year [Rok]:
2016
Volume [Ročník]:
XVI
Issue [Číslo]:
4
Authors [Autoři]:
Martina Halásková, Blanka Bazsová
Abstract [Abstrakt]:
This paper deals with the efficiency evaluation of research and development in EU (28) member states. More specifically, it provides an evaluation of human resources (researchers) and total expenditure on research and development (R&D) with respect to the achieved results (the number of publications, citable documents and patent applications to the European Patent Office). The efficiency is assessed by means of a multi-criteria method of DEA–data envelopment analysis–namely the CCR method of an input-oriented model, which enables determining the amount of inputs (expenditures on R&D and researchers) with the maximum output that should be generated in order for a country to be efficient. The aim of the paper is to identify the efficiency of scientific and research activities of the EU member states, on the basis of a quantitative approach by use of the selected R&D indicators. The results proved differences in scientific and research activities in the countries with the application of the DEA method. R&D efficiency in EU countries is evaluated with more indicators (including the H-index). In most cases, the application of another output makes no difference to the position of the countries in terms of their efficiency.
Keywords [Klíčová slova]:
DEA, development, efficiency, EU Countries, evaluation, model CCR, performance, research
JEL classification [JEL klasifikace]:
C67, C82, O32
Page range [Rozpětí stran]:
32 - 45
Full version [Plná verze]: